elementary and middle school in Rostamabad, he attended Jam high school in the
Gholhak district of Tehran and finished high school in 1342, with an emphasis
in biology studies. In 1343, he participated in the university entrance exam
and was accepted to the medical school of Tehran University. After achieving a
general medical degree, he became a resident in pediatrics in Children's
Medical Center of the University of Tehran, and then specialized in infectious
diseases at Johns Hopkins University in the US. While studying, Velayati taught
at Ghaemiyeh School and then at the Jahan Ara High School of Gholhak.
Prior to the Islamic revolution, Velayati was
interrogated several times and had a file in the Tehran SAVAK bureau because of
his encouraging students to participate in protests against the Shah.
In 1961, he had become a member of the National Front. With regard to
discontinuation of his activities in the Front, he says: "I was looking for a
place to follow my political activities. At that time, the National Front and
the Freedom Movement were the only existing political entities. Following the
demise of Ayatollah Boroujerdi, I followed Imam Khomeini. On June 6th, 1963, I
separated from the National Front and started having relations with religious
scholars and activists." While studying in university, Velayati became
active in the Islamic Association of Physicians— which had become inactive
after Sheibani— and along with other students like Lavasani, Labbafi Nejad,
Motamedi, Jazaeri and Khademi, revitalized the association. He was also in
regular contact with different political groups, especially the religious
scholars who were followers of Ayatollah Khomeini.
Following the victory of the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1978, he held the
following positions: Deputy Health Minister, Tehran's representative in the
first term of the Islamic Consultative Assembly, and served 16 years as Foreign
Minister during the presidencies of Ayatollah Khamenei, the Supreme Leader, and
Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani from 1981 to 1996. Subsequently, he became
international affairs advisor to the Supreme Leader, a role he occupies until
today. In 2005, he became one of the presidential candidates, but later
withdrew in support of Ayatollah Hashemi’s candidacy.
With regard to his position as the Foreign Minister during the Iran-Iraq war
and in negotiations with that country, he says: " The most difficult and
complicated negotiations during the 16 years as Foreign Minister were the peace
negotiations between Iran and Iraq, which continued between 1988 and 1990. The
Iraqis did not fulfill their commitments and intended to gain in negotiations
what they could not achieve in war. What were the Iraqis after in the war?
Governance over the Shatt al-Arab, and they intended to gain this
Ali Akbar Velayati is in the professor list of
several universities. He is one of the members of the Expediency Council and
the Foundation of Islamic Encyclopedia. He is the head of Dr. Masih
Dāneshvari Hospital and the Organ Transplant Support Society. He is also a
member of the High Council of Cultural Revolution.
Recently, He was elected as the head of Center for Strategic Research since
November 2013, by Ayatollah Hashemi Rafsanjani. Center for Strategic Research
was established in 1989 to compile and draw up Islamic Republic of Iran’s
strategies in various fields. The main task of the center is to carry out
strategic studies in various international, political, economic, legal,
cultural, and social fields.